Union Jack Penzance History and Tourist Attractions Cornwall, England
Penzance History and Tourist Attractions Cornwall, England
Union Jack Penzance History and Tourist Attractions Cornwall, England

PENZANCE
A TOWN RICH IN HISTORY AND TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

 

A BRIEF HISTORY OF PENZANCE

PENZANCE ITS HISTORY AND PLACES OF INTEREST

 

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PENZANCE: THE RAPID GROWTH OF A TOWN

The main source of economic revival in Penzance was the mining history during the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries.

The tourist who would like to catch a glimpse of the history of mining in the area would benefit from a visit to Geevor Tin Mine Heritage Centre near Penzance. It is the largest centre for mining history in the country. The visit to the museum also includes an underground tour. It is interesting to note that tin mining in Cornwall dates back to the Bronze age.

Apart from tin mining, the economy of this remote town depended largely on fishing and smuggling. Smoked pilchards became an important source of income for the town. For an experience of the Pilchard industry the visitor to Penzance could visit the nearby award winning Pilchard Works in Newlyn. This is Britain's last working salt pilchard factory, which has its own museum.

However, it was the arrival of the railway that allowed Penzance to develop into the popular seaside resort it has now become. The railway from Penzance to Redruth was opened in 1852 and was later extended to London. This, of course, facilitated the transport of flowers, fish, agricultural products and tin to various parts of Britain. The beginning of modern transport gradually brought Penzance out of its relative isolation. The development of public transport also meant a steady influx of tourists, which enabled the town to develop rapidly into a tourist attraction in its own right and become an important stop-over point for those wanting to explore the Isles of Scilly.

The port continued to grow, due mainly to the exportation of tin. The Albert pier was constructed in 1847 and in 1885 a lighthouse was built at the end of the old pier.

Unfortunately during the 19th century the tin industry went into rapid decline and tourism began to replace this industry as one of the main sources of income. The first Penzance newspaper was founded in 1839, the first cinema opened in 1912 and the Winter Gardens opened in 1926. Penzance now has a population of just under 20,000.

 

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