THE COTSWOLD MARKET TOWN OF CHIPPING CAMPDEN
The Cotswolds a brief Historical, geographical and economic introduction.
The uplands east of the River Severn know as the Cotswolds have always been a familiar destination for the British and foreign tourist alike. These uplands have often been known erroneously as the Cotswold Hills. The name derives from the old English "wold" meaning an upland common.
There are two prevailing theories of the derivation of "Cots" one being from an Old English word meaning "sheep enclosure" thereby indicating the main use of the wolds during medieval times; the other is that "Cot" derives from a Saxon who farmed the land near the source of the River Windrush more than 1,000 years ago. The original meaning, therefore, being the upland common of Cot. The second theory seems the more plausible. In keeping with this theory is the fact that the Cotswolds were originally limited to the areas stretching from the source of the River Windrush to the Stroud valley. No one has advanced a theory of why or how this historical figure should have extended his influence to such a large area.
Historically the main economic resources of the Cotswolds have been sheep raising and the the manufacture and commerce of products deriving from this: the wool trade and cloth-making. There is even a particular breed of sheep belonging to this area known as the "Cotswold".
The fleece of the sheep raised here was popular in western Europe. To take greater advantage of the local raw materials Flemish weavers were brought over with the aim of establishing the woollen industry in the Cotswolds. The Cotswolds, therefore became something of a focal point in western Europe for cloth making and the wool trade and cloth-making soon became one of the dominant industries of England.
At the northernmost fringe of the Cotswolds lies the quaint Cotswold town of Chipping Campden that has never failed to attract a significant number of tourists eager to explore the riches of the Cotswolds in general.
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